A Caring World



Introduction to Modern Slavery

There are different estimates of how many slaves are living in the world. However, it seems that the estimates fall within the same range: between 21 - 30 million. According to Free the Slaves, slaves "have been found in 90 cities" within the United States and approximately 14,500 people are brought in the United States to work as slaves every year. Slaves in the USA work in people's houses, tend to the land, serve in manufacturing, work in hair salons, serve in nail salons, or work in other type of industries, including the commercial sex industry. According to the Washington Post, there are an estimated 60,000 slaves living in the United States. Slavery is no longer legal in any country, but it still remains a strong, stagnant tool of oppression. Slavery occurs in different areas: the workplace (hair salons, factories, etc.), in people's homes, on farms, in fields, and in brothels. The term "trafficking" or "human trafficking" often appears in slavery literature. Trafficking is used to indicate that someone has been moved to a different area to work as a slave. However, sometimes it's used to indicate slavery, whether the person has been moved or not. Many times the term trafficking indicates sex slavery.

There are different forms of slavery:

-forced labor: the slave is working in someone's home, in a business, or in an industry

-forced prostitution: an adult or child had been forced into prostitution, or a child has willingly gone into prostitution, but is under 18 years old.

-child marriage: the child was forced to or strongly encouraged to marry an adult.

Ten hot spots for slavery were identified. North American's own Haiti was rated no. 2. The number one hot spot for slavery is Mauritania. A great many people in the country of Mauritania are simply born into slavery. Children of slaves "are also considered to be the master's property and, along with other slaves, can be rented out, loaned or given as gifts in marriage" (Anti-Slavery International). However, India has more slaves than any other country. There are 14 million slaves living in India. The continent of Asian harbors approximately 24 million slaves. In Southeast Asia, "children ages 4 to 14 are kidnapped or sold and forced to work as many as 18 hours a day to weave rugs" (GoodWeave).

In many different parts of the world, slaves are forced to make products (ex: clothing), forced to mine (ex: diamond, gold), and are forced to harvest (ex: cocoa beans). Products are shipped to different parts of the world, including the United States. In some countries, slaves- especially children, are also forced to do things that might seem bizarre, such as fight wars or fish all day long. Such things are accomplished through kidnappings and threats of violence.

Thank you for visiting this section. Please keep people who are going through such challenges in your heart.

Sources:

Free the Slaves, Homepage, https://www.freetheslaves.net/SSLPage.aspx

Slavery Map (this is different than the one this site links to), https://www.freetheslaves.net/page.aspx?pid=375

Rambho, Survivor in India, https://www.freetheslaves.net/sslpage.aspx?pid=357

Trafficking and Slavery Fact Sheet, https://www.freetheslaves.net/document.doc?id=34

Polaris Project, Emails received from Staff

Polaris Project, Human Trafficking, http://www.polarisproject.org/resources/resources-by-topic/human-trafficking

Human Rights Watch, Lonely Servitude- Nov. 15, 2012, http://www.hrw.org/node/111176/section/2

Washington Post, World Views; Max Fisher, This map shows where the world’s 30 million slaves live. There are 60,000 in the U.S.October 17, 2013, http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2013/10/17/this-map-shows-where-the-worlds-30-million-slaves-live-there-are-60000-in-the-u-s/

Anti-Slavery International, Anti Slavery: Today's Fight for Tomorrow's Freedom, http://www.antislavery.org/english/slavery_today/descent_based_slavery/slavery_in_mauritania.aspx

Raising Hope for Congo, Conflict Gold, http://www.raisehopeforcongo.org/content/conflict-gold.

Conflict Minerals, http://www.raisehopeforcongo.org/content/conflict-minerals

BBC News- Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo profile, updated March 25, 2013, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13283212

War Child, Child Soldiers: Some Words Don't Belong Together, http://www.warchild.org.uk/issues/child-soldiers?gclid=CMvG89CLuLcCFQJqMgodjyIAwg

GoodWeave, Child Labor and the Rug Industry, https://www.goodweave.org/child_labor_campaign/child_labor_handmade_rugs_carpets

The Hindu, Millions in modern-day slavery, half in India: Survey- Oct. 17, 2013, http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/millions-in-modernday-slavery-half-in-india-survey/article5243964.ece
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Drawing: Time for Peace, by Sharon Lee Hudson

A Caring World: (c) Sharon Lee Hudson